Herpes simplex is a viral disease and is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and the herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2).
HSV-1 causes primarily mouth, throat, eye, face, and central nervous system infections. HSV-2 causes primarily anogenital infections. However, both types may be responsible for infections in all other areas of the body as well.
The most common herpes infection is Oral herpes, while the second most common form of herpes infection is Genital herpes.
Other, and less common forms of herpes simplex infections include herpes gladiatorum, ocular herpes keratitis, cerebral herpes infections such as encephalitis, Mollaret’s meningitis, neonatal herpes, and possibly Bell’s palsy.
Orofacial herpes infections
Genital herpes infections
Herpetic withlow infections
Herpes keratitis infections
Herpes encephalitis invades
Persons with repressed or immature immune systems, such as a newborn, implant receivers, or AIDS patients, are at high risk to severe complications caused by secondary herpes infections.
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION
No cure for herpes has yet been developed. Upon infection, the virus remains in the body for life. Outbreaks can occur in times of immune impairment. After several years of infection, outbreaks tend to become more sporadic, and some people even become asymptomatic and will not experience further outbreaks, but they stay contagious and can infect others.
Treatments with specific antiviral drugs may reduce shedding and the severity of symptoms. Vaccines are in clinical trial, but have not yet proved to be effective.
Regular sexual heath checkups reduce the risk of spreading the virus.
Your best approach to significantly reduce the risk of new infection or spreading the disease is using a condom or dam every time you have sex. If you are infected, communicate this to your sexual partner(s). They have a right to know, and to protect their health.
SEXUAL HEALTH COUNSELLING
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