HPV, or Human Papillomavirus, is a common sexually transmitted infection. HPV encompasses over 100 sub-viruses, with about 40 known sub-viruses to cause genital infections, including visible genital warts. HPV infections are transmitted through direct skin-to-skin contact including; genital rubbing, oral, anal or genital sex.
Only an estimated 1%-5% of infected persons will develop visible warts. Even in the absence of symptomatic warts, HPV infected persons can transmit the disease.
HPV sub-types 6, 11, 16 and 18 are believed to be responsible for over 70% of cervical cancer infections, and probably most anal cancers.
TREATMENT AND PREVENTION
Medical diagnosis and treatments of HPV infections are available through Sexual Health Clinics and GPs. HPV infections can be tested in PAP smears or biopsies.
A vaccine, protecting against the HPV sub-types 6, 11, 16 and 18 associated with cervical cancer, has been developed. The vaccine is not therapeutic, but provides effective prevention prior to HPV exposure. There is no cure for developed HPV infection, but there are effective treatments to manage visible warts, precancerous lesions, and cervical cancer.
Preventative HPV vaccination, regular sexual health checks, regular Pap tests, and practising safe sex by using condoms and dams, are the most reliable methods of prevention and protection from contracting and spreading the disease.
EMOTIONAL SUPPORT & SEXUAL HEALTH COUNSELLING
Sex Addiction Australia provide sexual health counselling to individuals and couples who are concerned with HPV or living with HPV infections. For further information or booking a confidential appointment please call Heide (+61) 02 9380 4486 during AEST office hours or email firstname.lastname@example.org
Poll: Sexual Behaviours