Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection and a common cause of vaginitis. It is caused by a single-celled protozoan parasite. Trichomoniasis is primarily an infection of the urogenital tract; the most common site of the infection is the vagina ad the urethra.
SYMPTOMS IN WOMEN
Symptoms may occur within 5 to 28 days after exposure. Typically, only women experience symptoms, including inflammation of the cervix, urethra, and vagina, with burning and itching sensations. Urination and sexual intercourse may be painful. Vaginal discharge is common, appearing green-yellow colour, and producing a foul smell. Lower abdominal pain might develop.
SYMPTOMS IN MEN
In men, the parasite can be dormant for many years without any signs. Some men may temporarily exhibit symptoms such as a mild discharge, irritation inside the penis, and slight burning after urination and ejaculation.
- Trichomoniasis may in increase the risk of HIV transmission.
- Trichomoniasis may cause women premature birth, or birth of a low-weight infant.
- Trichomoniasis is associated with increased risk of cervical cancer, and potentially prostate cancer.
Trichomoniasis is diagnosed by visually observing the trichomonads using a microscope. Your doctor will collect specimen during pelvic examination by using cotton-tipped applicators, and placing the sample onto a microscope slide for analysis.
Your GP or sexual health clinic will suggest appropriate medication, and may suggest all sexual partners to be treated, although many men are believed to naturally expel the parasite within 14 days.
SEXUAL HEALTH COUNSELLING
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